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Fernando Pessoa Fernando Pessoa
June 13, 1888

a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic and translator, one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language.

2011 Mikhail Bulgakov
May 15, 1891

a Soviet Russian writer and playwright active in the first half of the 20th century. He is best known for his novel The Master and Margarita, which The Times of London has called one of the masterpieces of the 20th century.

Li Bai Li Bai
February 28, 701

a major Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty poetry period. He has been regarded as one of the greatest poets in China's Tang period, which is often called China's "golden age" of poetry. Around a thousand existing poems are attributed to him

Jules Verne
February 8, 1828

French author from Brittany who pioneered the science-fiction genre. He is best known for novels such as Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, A Journey to the Center of the Earth, and Around the World in Eighty Days

almeida Almeida Garrett
February 4, 2011
a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician. He is considered to be the introducer of the Romanticism in Portugal, with the epic poem Camões, based on the life of Luís de Camões. He is regarded as one of history's greatest romantics and a true revolutionary and humanist.
robert burns Robert Burns
January 25, 1759
a Scottish poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide.He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement, and after his death he became a great source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism. A cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish Diaspora around the world, celebration of his life and work became almost a national charismatic cult during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Khalil Gibran
January 6, 1883

a Lebanese American artist, poet, and writer. Born in the town of Bsharri in modern-day Lebanon, as a young man he emigrated with his family to the United States where he studied art and began his literary career. He is chiefly known in the English speaking world for his 1923 book The Prophet, a series of philosophical essays written in English prose. An early example of Inspirational fiction, the book sold well despite a cool critical reception, and became extremely popular in the 1960s counterculture. Gibran is the third best-selling poet of all time, behind Shakespeare and Lao-Tzu.
 Jane Austen Jane Austen
December 16, 1775
an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature, her realism and biting social commentary cementing her historical importance among scholars and critics. From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer.
musset Alfred de Musset
December 11, 1810

French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing La Confession d'un enfant du siècle (The Confession of a Child of the Century.

taha hussein Taha Hussein
November 14,

one of the most influential 20th century Egyptian writers and intellectuals, and a figurehead for the Arab Renaissance and the modernist movement in the Arab World.

stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson
November 13, 1850

a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer. His best-known books include Treasure Island, Kidnapped, and the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

 Ahmad Shawqi Ahmad Shawqi
October 16, 1868
one of the finest Arabic Language poets and dramatists who pioneered the modern Egyptian literary movement, most notably introducing the genre of poetic epics to the Arabic literary tradition. Shawqi also produced distinctive poetry that is widely considered to be the most prominent of the 20th century in Egypt.
wilde Oscar Wilde
October 16, 1854
an Irish writer, poet, and prominent aesthete; who, after writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. Today he is remembered for his epigrams, plays and the tragedy of his imprisonment and early death.
agatha christie

Agatha Christie's 120th Birthday
September 15,
( 2010)

shelley Mary Shelley
August 30, 1797
British novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein
sun Sunthorn Phu
June 26, 1786
Thailand’s best-known poet and most celebrated as the great poet of Rattanakosin Era.
sartre Jean-Paul Sartre
June 21,1905
French existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the leading figures in 20th century French philosophy, existentialism, and Marxism, and his work continues to influence fields such as Marxist philosophy, sociology, and literary studies. Sartre was also noted for his long relationship with the author and social theorist, Simone de Beauvoir. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused the honour.
Karen Blixen Karen Blixen
April 17, 1885
Baroness Karen von Blixen-Finecke, was a Danish author also known under her pen name Isak Dinesen. She also wrote under the pen names Osceola and Pierre Andrézel. Blixen wrote works in both Danish and in English. She is best known for Out of Africa, her account of living in Kenya, and one of her stories, Babette's Feast, both of which have been adapted into highly acclaimed, Academy Award-winning motion pictures.
chekov Anton Chekhov
January 29, 1860

Considered to be one of the greatest short-story writers in the history of world literature. His career as a dramatist produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics.

Bozena Nemcova
February 4, 1820
Poland (2009)


Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.
manzoni Alessandro Manzon

March 7, 1785
an Italian poet and novelist. He is famous for the novel The Betrothed, one of the major works of World literature.

Nikolai Gogol
April 1, 1809

Ukrainian-born Russian novelist, humorist, and dramatist
tagore Rabindranath Tagore
May 7, 1861

Bengali polymath. As a poet, novelist, musician, and playwright, he reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Sherlock Holmes - Conan Doyle Bday Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
May 22, 1859 (2009)

British physician and writer, most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger.

pushkin Alexander Pushkin
June 6, 1799
(Russia) 2009
a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin pioneered the use of vernacular speech in his poems and plays, creating a style of storytelling
Kawabata Yasunari
June 14, 1899
a Japanese short story writer and novelist whose spare, lyrical, subtly-shaded prose works won him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968, the first Japanese author to receive the award. His works have enjoyed broad international appeal and are still widely read.
spain Ramón Gómez de la Serna
July 3, 1888

especially known for "Greguerías" - a short form of poetry that roughly corresponds to the one-liner in comedy. The Gregueria is especially able to grant a new and often humorous perspective. Serna published over 90 works in all literary genres.

neruda Pablo Neruda
July 12, 1904
The pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean writer and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto.With his works translated into many languages, Pablo Neruda is considered one of the greatest and most influential poets of the 20th century.
Miguel de Cervantes
September 30, 1547

Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His magnum opus, Don Quixote, often considered the first modern novel is a classic of Western literature and is regularly regarded among the best novels ever written.

rampo Rampo Edogawa
October 21, 1894
(Japan - 2009)
Japanese author and critic who played a major role in the development of Japanese mystery fiction. Many of his novels involve the detective hero Akechi Kogorō, who in later books was the leader of a group of boy detectives known as the "Adolescent Detective Gang"
Mikhail Lermontov
October 15, 1814
Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", was the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death. His influence on later Russian literature is still felt in modern times, not only through his poetry, but also by his prose.
Nageeb Nageeb Fahouz
December 11, 1911
An Egyptian novelist who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature