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art and architecture   Don't miss this
Alexander Calder
July 22, 1898
an American sculptor and artist most famous for inventing the mobile sculptures. In addition to mobile and stable sculpture, Alexander Calder also created paintings, lithographs, toys, tapestry, jewelry and household objects.
zhang Zhang Daqian
May 10, 1899
one of the best-known and most prodigious Chinese artists of the twentieth century. Originally known as a guohua (traditionalist) painter, by the 1960s he was also renowned as a modern impressionist and expressionist painter. Chang is regarded as one of the most gifted master forgers of the twentieth century.
Karel Appel Karel Appel
April 25, 1921
a Dutch painter, sculptor, and poet. He started painting at the age of fourteen and studied at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam in the 1940s. He was one of the founders of the avant-garde movement Cobra in 1948.
 Joaquin Sorolla Joaquin Sorolla
February 27, 1863
a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land.
 Taro Okamoto Taro Okamoto
February 26, 1911
a Japanese artist noted for his abstract and avant-garde paintings and sculpture.
He studied at Panthéon-Sorbonne in the 1930s, and created many great works of art after WW II. He was a prolific artist and writer until his death, and has exerted considerable influence on Japanese society.
He was deeply interested in mystery and the occult throughout his years in Paris, where he lived from 1930 to 1940. He was known for the quote, "Art is Magic" and "Art is Explosion."
Mihaly Munkacsy
February 20, 1844
a Hungarian painter, who lived in Paris and earned international reputation with his genre pictures and large scale biblical paintings.
Brancus Constantin Brancusi
February 19
Romanian-born sculptor, After leaving Rodin's workshop, Brancusi began developing the revolutionary style for which he is known. His first commissioned work, "The Prayer", was part of a gravestone memorial. It depicts a young woman crossing herself as she kneels, and marks the first step toward abstracted, non-literal representation, and shows his drive to depict "not the outer form but the idea, the essence of things." He also began doing more carving, rather than the method popular with his contemporaries, that of modeling in clay or plaster which would be cast in metal, and by 1908 he worked almost exclusively by carving.
cezanne Paul Cézanne
January 19, 1839
a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne can be said to form the bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and the early 20th century's new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism. The line attributed to both Matisse and Picasso that Cézanne "is the father of us all" cannot be easily dismissed.
2010 Katsushika Hokusai
October 31, 1760
a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period. In his time, he was Japan's leading expert on Chinese painting. Born in Edo (now Tokyo), Hokusai is best-known as author of the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, which includes the internationally recognized print, The Great Wave off Kanagawa, created during the 1820s.
Hokusai created the "Thirty-Six Views" both as a response to a domestic travel boom and as part of a personal obsession with Mount Fuji.[3] It was this series, specifically The Great Wave print and Fuji in Clear Weather, that secured Hokusai’s fame both within Japan and overseas.
Nachum Gutman
October 5, 1898
a Russian-born Israeli painter, sculptor and author.
cave painting Discovery of Grotte de Lascaux
September 12, 1940
The Grotte de Lascaux was discovered in 1940 by four boys who were, according to popular myth, looking for their dog and fell into a deep cavern decorated with marvellously preserved animal paintings. Executed by Cro-Magnon people 17,000 years ago, the paintings are among the finest examples of prehistoric art in existence. There are five or six identifiable styles, and subjects include the bison, mammoth and horse, plus the biggest known prehistoric drawing, of a 5.5-metre bull with astonishingly expressive head and face.
 Nam June Paik Nam June Paik
July 20, 1932
Korean-born American artist. He worked with a variety of media and is considered to be the first video artist. Paik is credited with an early usage (1974) of the term "super highway" in application to telecommunications.
kroyer Peder Severin Krøyer
July 23, 1851
P.S. Krøyer, was a Norwegian-Danish painter. He is one of the best known and beloved, and undeniably the most colorful of the Skagen Painters, a community of Danish and Nordic artists who lived, gathered or worked in Skagen, Denmark, especially during the final decades of the 1800s. Krøyer was the unofficial leader of the group.
boyd Arthur Boyd
July 24, 1920
Best known for his experimental and sometimes complex painting of figures and impressionist, pastoral landscapes. He was a member of the Antipodeans, a group of Melbourne painters
Mucha Alphonse Mucha
July 24, 1860
a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, best known for his distinct style and his images of women. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, and designs.
frank Josef Frank
July 15, 1885
an Austrian-Swedish architect. Together with Oskar Strnad, he created the Vienna School of Architecture, and its concept of Modern houses, housing and interiors.
frida Frida Kahlo

July 6, 1907
a Mexican painter, born in Coyoacán. She painted "pain and passion" using intense, vibrant colors. Her style was influenced by indigenous Mexican culture, as well as European Realism, Symbolism, and Surrealism, and has sometimes been classified as Naïve art or folk art. Many of her works are self-portraits. Kahlo was married to the prominent Mexican artist Diego Rivera.
Norman Rockwell Norman Rockwell
February 3, 1894
20th-century American painter and illustrator. His works enjoy a broad popular appeal in the United States, where Rockwell is most famous for the cover illustrations of everyday life scenarios he created for The Saturday Evening Post magazine over more than four decades.
Noguchi Isamu Noguchi
November 17, 1904
prominent Japanese American artist and landscape architect whose artistic career spanned six decades. Known for his sculpture and public works, Noguchi also designed stage sets for various Martha Graham productions, and several mass-produced lamps and furniture pieces, some of which are still manufactured and sold.
repin Ilya Repin
August 5, 1844
leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. An important part of his work is dedicated to his native country, Ukraine. His realistic works often expressed great psychological depth and exposed the tensions within the existing social order.
Mary Cassatt

Mary Stevenson Cassatt
May 22, 1844

cassattan American painter and printmaker. She lived much of her adult life in France, where she first befriended Edgar Degas and later exhibited among the Impressionists.
Jackson Pollack

Paul Jackson Pollock
January 28, 1912

influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
magritte 2008

René François Ghislain Magritte
November 21, 1898

a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for a number of witty and thought-provoking images. His intended goal for his work was to challenge observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality and force viewers to become hypersensitive to their surroundings.
Kaii Higashiyama's Birthday
July 8, 1908
Higashiyama received the special prize at "Nitten," the largest competition art exhibition in Japan. This led him to pursue seaking his own style, later found as a landscape is his major motif. In 1950, he exhibited a painting "the road," in which his simplicity was well recognized.
Joachim Ringelnatz's Birthday
August 7, 1883
pen name of the German author and painter Hans Bötticher. He was banned by the Nazi government as a "degenerate artist".

Marc Chagall Birthday
July 7, 1887

a Russian-French artist, associated with several key art movements and was one of the most successful artists of the twentieth century. He forged a unique career in virtually every artistic medium, including paintings, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramics, tapestries and fine art prints.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh's Birthday
June 7, 1868
a Scottish architect, designer, and watercolourist. He was a designer in the Arts and Crafts movement and also the main exponent of Art Nouveau in the United Kingdom. He had a considerable influence on European design.
sinan Mimar Sinan's Birthday
April 13, 1489
He was, during a period of fifty years, responsible for the construction or the supervision of every major building in the Ottoman Empire.

Walter Gropius
May 18, 2008

father of Bauhaus architecture
April 17, 2008
atomiumThe Atomium is a monument built for Expo '58, the 1958 Brussels World's Fair. Designed by André Waterkeyn, it is 102-metres (335 ft) tall, with nine steel spheres connected so that the whole forms the shape of a unit cell of an iron crystal magnified 165 billion times.

Diego Velázquez
June 6, 1599

originalSpanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary baroque period, important as a portrait artist.

Jeff Koons on iGoogle
January 21, 1955

an American artist known for his giant reproductions of banal objects such as balloon animals produced in stainless steel with mirror finish surfaces, often brightly colored.
Edvard Munch Edvard Munch's Birthday
December 12, 1863
Norwegian Symbolist painter, printmaker and an important forerunner of expressionistic art.
Joan Miró's Birthday Joan Miró's Birthday
20 April 1893
Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as Surrealism, a sandbox for the subconscious mind, a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride.
Frank Lloyd Wright 2005

Frank Lloyd Wright
June 8, 1867

Frank Lloyd Wright's mother, Anna Lloyd-Jones was a teacher. It is said that Anna Lloyd-Jones placed pictures of great buildings in young Frank's nursery as part of training him up from the earliest possible moment as an architect.
Leonardo Da Vinci Bday Leonardo Da Vinci's Birthday
April 15, 1452
Italian polymath, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, musician and writer. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance man, a man whose unquenchable curiosity was equaled only by his powers of invention. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
Van Gogh's Birthday Vincent Van Gogh's Birthday
March 30, 1853
Dutch Post-Impressionist painter whose work had a far reaching influence on 20th century art for its vivid colors and emotional impact.

Bloomsdale - James Joyce
June 16, 2004


For millions of people, June 16 is an extraordinary day. On that day in 1904, Stephen Dedalus and Leopold Bloom each took their epic journeys through Dublin in James Joyce's Ulysses, the world's most highly acclaimed modern novel. “Bloomsday”, as it is now known, has become a tradition for Joyce enthusiasts all over the world. From Tokyo to Sydney, San Francisco to Buffalo, Trieste to Paris, dozens of cities around the globe hold their own Bloomsday festivities. The celebrations usually include readings as well as staged re-enactments and street-side improvisations of scenes from the story. Nowhere is Bloomsday more rollicking and exuberant than Dublin, home of Molly and Leopold Bloom, Stephen Dedalus, Buck Mulligan, Gerty McDowell and James Joyce himself. Here, the art of Ulysses becomes the daily life of hundreds of Dubliners and the city’s visitors as they retrace the odyssey each year.
M.C. Escher Birthday
June 17, 1898
Dutch-Frisian graphic artist. He is known for his often mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. These feature impossible constructions, explorations of infinity, architecture, and tessellations.
Andy Warhol Birthday
August 6, 1928
Happy Birthday Picasso
October 25, 1881

Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor. Commonly known simply as Picasso, he is one of the most recognized figures in 20th-century art. He is best known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work.
Opening of Salvador Dali show:

Variations on a Theme: Fifty Years of Dalí's Soft Watch- May 10,2002
Michelangelo's Birthday
March 6, 1475
Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer. Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival and fellow Italian Leonardo da Vinci.
Monet's Birthday on
November 14, 1840
founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting.
Piet Mondrian's Birthday
March 7, 1872
Dutch painter. He evolved a non-representational form which he termed Neo-Plasticism. This consisted of a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the use of the three primary colours.